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水危机你在关注吗 2015-05-27 09:06

着炎炎夏日的到来,想必每个人的用水量都在增加。但是Mina在此要提醒大家,虽然水是大自然的馈赠,但它并不是取之不尽用之不完的哟。记得我在都柏林报社工作的时候,最受民众关注的新闻话题之一就是民用淡水污染和价格调升。不得不说,目前在欧美洲很多国家,大家都很关注水资源问题。即将出国读书的考鸭们,备考雅思大小作文会经常接触资源环境类话题,下面我来分享一篇关于水资源危机的解析,看看有什么能在雅思考试中用到。The water crisis 水危机

  APer capital water usage has been on an upward trend for many years 多年以来,人均用水量呈现上升趋势。(per capital usage 人均用量,has been on an upward trend 上升趋势,这两个说法可以很好地用在小作文关于水资源用量的句子里,还有大作文报告类问题类论述背景或者问题里). As countries industrialize and their citizens become more prosperous, their individual water usage increases rapidly. 由于国家工业化发展和居民生活更加富裕,个人用水量快速增加(prosperous 繁荣兴旺的,词根是prosper vi/vt.使…昌盛,同义词有 well-off ,thriving )

  In the 21st century, the world’s limited supply of renewable fresh water is having to meet demands of both larger total population and increased per capital consumption. 21世纪,世界可再生淡水资源的限制供应就是为了满足更多人口数量和日益增长的人均消耗需要。(renewable 可再生的,renewable energy sources 可再生能源,能源话题高频词汇;fresh water 是淡水资源不是新鲜的水,salt water 指海水或咸水;meet demand of 满足需要,consumption 消耗,energy consumption, power consumption 高频用词). The only practicable ways to resolve this problem in the longer term are economic pricing in conjunction with conservation measures. 从长远来看,唯一切实可行的解决方法是上调用水价格连同保护措施。(the +adj way to do sth在大作文报告类里说明解决方法是一个很好的句型,practicable 切实可行的,近义词 feasible, workable ; in the longer term 从长远来看,长期内; in conjunction with 结合,与…协力;conservation 对自然资源的保护或保持,近义词 preservation , 动词形式也比较好用)。

  BAgriculture consumes about 70% of the world’s fresh water,so improvements in irrigation can make the greatest impact. 农业用水消耗全世界淡水资源的70%,因此灌溉改善将能够产生最重大的影响。(make the great impact on 对…有重大的影响)。Simple changes could improve the rate substantially, though it is unrealistic to expect very high levels of water-use efficiency in many developing countries, faced as they are with a chronic lack of capital and a largely untrained rural workforce. 虽然期望发展中国家有很高水平的水资源利用率是非常不现实的,因为这些国家长期面临资金短缺和大量未经培训的农村劳动力问题,但是简单的改变都能够很大程度上改善用水比率。(substantially 很大程度上,从实质上;chronic 长期的,慢性的;a lack of 缺乏,缺少;workforce 劳动力;长句子练成法之一,多使用从句和分词结构)。Paper production too is often very water-intensive. 造纸产业也是一个耗水产业。(water-intensive 水密集型的/耗水量大的,intensive 加强的,集中的,例如intensive training, 反义词extensive 粗放的,extensive management ).

  CIn rich countries, water consumption has gradually been slowed down by price increases and the use of modern technology and recycling. 发达国家已经通过使用调升价格和当代科技与循环逐步减少了水资源消耗( gradually 逐步地,slow down 减慢,减少)。However, industrial water consumption is continuing to increase sharply in developing countries. With domestic and agricultural demands also increasing the capacity of water supply systems is under growing strain. 然而,在发展中国家,工业耗水量正在持续快速增加。同样地,家庭和农业用水需求量也给水供应系统带来日益紧张的压力。(capacity 容量,产量;be under growing strain 面临越来越大的压力,使日益紧张,报告类作文描述问题严重性非常好用)

  以上三段分析了水资源使用现状和主要问题,和大家分享了关于环境资源类话题的部分高级词汇短语,希望可以为你所用,丰富知识。下次将会为大家继续关注水危机最佳解决方案,耐心等待哦。顺便说一下,水危机是全球性的,而且我们大中华水危机现象特别严重,因此Mina呼吁各位同学跟上全球脚步,从身边做起,关注水危机。


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